So you're in the market for a new computerhuh well whether you want to build one or buy one and whether you have a really good idea of what youSpecifically want or you have no ideaThis video aims to help pretty muchEveryone by going over what things you should look for when building a PC and looking for parts or buying an entirePC pre-built right off the shelf because both are validOptions depending on what you're going for and you probably already know what you want to doSo I'm not gonna try to convince you to do one or the otherLet's get into what you should actually look for in that computer itselfBut there's also other stuff that aren't really related directlyto the physical part of the computer stuff like thewarranty and all that then we can talk about later now the first thing you need to look at clearly is theCPU it's the brain of the computerBut what most people look at is whether it's like an i7 or I 5 or anI3 and they just happen oh wellI 7 is the best type of CPU or even if you're looking at AMDthere's the rise and 7 rise in 5 and rise in 3 kind ofCorresponding to Intel's but a lot of people don't really consider that wellit's not just AI 7 or I 5 as if they're the same exact CPU becauseNot only are there different years ofI7s but there are also different models of each CPU within each year's i7 lineSo you can't just say oh well this has an i7 and that's gonna be equal to all othersYou're gonna want to look at which I 7 that is specifically and compare that on Intel or if it's a rise in seven onAmbe's website and see how that stacks upagainst the otherCPUs in that line and maybe you don't know a lot about the individual little specs of the CPUbut you can at least get an idea of where that CPU stands and whether it'sjustifying a high priceCompared to maybe another computer right next to it on the shelf that costs five hundred dollars lessAnd it's just one step down so that's something you want to look at the CPUSpecifically the model of CPU really look into that and don't just say ohWell - i7 it must be the bestNext has to do with RAM and we're not just gonna talk about the amount and we're not even gonna just talk about the frequencyBut we will talk about the amount first soObviously four gigabytes is probably the absoluteBare bare minimum you would want in a computer I would recommend this day and ageYou'd want at least eight gigabytes of RAM and that will pretty much cover anyone's typical usagebut if you're gonna be using I don't know a high-end gaming orYou want to do video editing or something a little bit more than standard use I would say if you canBump it up to twelve or sixteen gigabytesAnd if you need 32 gigabytes you would definitely know it so anything above 16 is probably overkillUnless you have a specific reason for that now as for frequencyYesThat is something you need to look at but a lot of people forget about another very veryImportant equally important actually spec which is the latency of the RAM they go hand-in-hand?Frequency and latency because you can have a very high frequencyBut that also means that you're going to have a higher latency and a lot of times these may actuallyCancel each other out now rather than try to explain the relation between latency and frequency and spending the whole video on itI'll put a link to another video on my old channel Theo geotech when I was only doing real videos on that channelwhere I talked about what latency is and how it relates to frequency andeverything you need to know because it is actually something that is very essential and will save you money becauseMost people have no idea what latency is and it is just important asFrequency, and if you don't know what latency is then you could be spending more money on something that is not better so I highlyRecommend watching that video I'll put the link in the description to that as wellBut I will say the gist of it is that if you go for high frequency all the time you're probably going to be overpayingBecause that's what people think is worth more moneyThey're gonna be paying more money and the manufacturers charge moreBut you could probably save a lot more money by going with lower frequency and lower latency Ramand Get just as much performance for cheaper all right now the next thing you need to look at this is kind of obviousmost of you already know this but I thought I'd throw that in there isYou need to look at the version of the operating systemI would hope that you know whether you're buying a PC with Windows or a MacBut I don't know I'm not gonna assume anything, but obviously there are different editions of Windows there's ProThere's home if you don't know what the difference between home and pro is I would just get homeYou wouldn't really use proBut the one thing to watch out for I made another video about talking about this Windows10s the Windows came out with don't get that don't get Windows 10 s.
It's garbageJust trust me on that one now if you're gonna be buying a pre-built computer one thing you want to look at is what?Bloatware is pre-installed on there sometimes.
You might see on the shelfThey have a demo unit and you can typically see what kind of like extraShortcuts are on the desktop, so if there's a ton of installed bloat where there's not much you can do about thatBut I would just make sure when you do end up buying the computer go through and just I don't uninstallAnything that you don't need because it'll just slow things down now for storageWhether you're going with an SSD or a hard drive in this day and ageI'm gonna go out and say always get an SSD if you can there's really no reason to go forHDD on a boot drive especially if you're gonna be storing a ton of dataAnd you know that I would get an SSD for your main drive and install your programsand then yes get a big giant hard drive for all your data, butSSDs are light years ahead ofHD DS in pretty much every wayespecially especially if you have a laptop andthe reasons are numerous for this mostly because if you have a laptop that's gonna be moving around a lot aSSD has no moving partsWhich is why it's called solid-state and a hard drivedoes it's spinning platters the arms moving back and forth even having it sitting on your lap, that's gonna introduce a lot of movement andEven though it is a 2.
5 millimeter drive where it's going to generate less heat might last a little bit longer than the 3.
5 inchDrive to not millimeter what I said beforeThen you want to go with SSDIt's just gonna be more durable which is even more important for a laptop which is prone to betossed or dropped when it's running not to mention the fact that a lot of times if you go with aRegular hard drive on a laptop.
It's going to be a5400 rpm drive especially if you buy one pre-built andThat is gonna be way slower than a standard 3200 rpm drive on a regular desktopSo you're gonna be not only slower than an SSD, but you're gonna be slower than a regularTypical hard drive you would see in a desktopso it's like there's no reason to not get an SSD on a laptop andEven on a desktop you want one just for the durability and the speed is so much moreI've been using this computer for three or four years nowIt runs just as if it was new because I have an SSD and it doesn't have to get bogged down by programsIt doesn't matter how much you install on there because it doesn't have to be fragmented it can access all the informationEqually now finally for the core components that you have to look at is of course the graphic cardI'm not going to get too in-depth about the specs of that becausewhen it comes to graphics cardstypically if you're going with the latest generation you know the more you pay the better you're gonna get andJust get the best one you can afford but you do want to look at the outputs and especially on laptopsThis is important where you might be trying to hook TVs up to it, so I would recommendobviously getting something with aHDMI and also DisplayPort because a lot of monitors these days aresupporting DisplayPort either exclusivelyIn addition to HDMI is pretty ubiquitous, but if you want the best qualityDisplayPort right now is probably the best connection besides, maybe ThunderboltBut you won't really see that unless you're on a Macbut they do exist on PC now the next thing you're going to want to think about is whether you need anOptical disc drive and you know when I first thought wellYeah, of course you got to get a disk drive, but then I realized you knowI don't even know the last time I used mineMaybe it was to install Windows or install some bootable program once or twice that I neededBut anything you can do with a disk drive these days pretty much all modern computersAllow you to boot off of thumb drivesWhich it makes them a lot more sense to use a thumb drive because they're rewritable you know you don't have to burn the diskThey can hold more so honestly these daysI don't even think you need an optical drive unless you have a specific reason unless you know you're gonna beInstalling Windows off of a disk then and for some reason you don't want to use a USB optical driveBut I would just save your money and not even get one now the next thing is you got to consider?Or what kind of connections this computer has so not just USB but also EthernetWhat kind of speed is that Ethernet port I would definitely not get anything that isn'tGigabit a hundred megabits these days no no no no no get a get at least a gigabitI don't think you're really gonna see anythingThat's ten gigabit unless you're buying like a really high-end motherboard, and you wouldn't know if you need ten gigabitBut it should be pretty standardJust basically avoid anything that isn't Gigabit basically as for Wi-Fi.
Yeah againI think everything should have AC Wi-Fi by now if it doesn't that could be a red flagAnd it could be like an older computer.
That's been sitting on the shelf for a while one thingYou could look for is the upcoming Wi-Fi standard ax or even a H howeverThose have not been finalized so they're not necessary at allYou'd probably be really hard to find something with a H or ax in them at allbut if you do happen to stumble across aMotherboard with a Wi-Fi antenna or a laptop that does mention either ax or a H Wi-Fi then you know you're getting something that probablyisbleeding edge it must beReally new and it's something to look into a little bit more as for USB the latest thing of course is USB type-cAnd there's also USB 3.
Now those are not mutually exclusiveYou can have USB see that is not USB 3.
1And of course sometimes USB three point one is just a regular USBI did make another video you can watch here talking aboutwhat USB C is and the different types of it if you want to watch that andyou can just click on that thing popping out, but I would say if you do see aComputer with USB C or a motherboard with it that I would consider that a plusBecause I think a lot more phones specifically AndroidBut even other devices are going to be starting to use USB type-c as the standardAnd it would just help to have that connection, so you don't need to use some sort of special converterSo those are all the main specs that you would expectbut what else is there to look for and one thing would be security features specifically wanted to see is if the computer has aTPM or trusted platform module and this is going to allow you to usesome encryption features built into Windows and other featuresIt's basically a hardware chip that can generate encryption keysStore them in a way where it's just more secure so if someone steals your computer tries to boot upit's gonna be a lot harder for them to break in if theSecurity keys are stored on this special.
Chip as opposed to the hard driveThey're not going to be able to get if that computer is encrypted another thing to look for is if the specificSSD in that computer hashardware encryptionThis is a higher-end feature so if you're buying something off the shelf unless it's like a workstationYou might not see this you would really have to look at the specific model of the SSDBut a lot of times higher-end SSDswill have hardware encryption that is a feature that will literally encrypt everything on the fly andWill not degrade the performanceSo obviously there's BitLocker for Windows where you can encrypt the hard driveAnd the operating system will encrypt and decrypt data as to being written to the driveBut if your hard drive actually supports Hardware crip ssin that means it has a special chip on it.
That's going to beEncrypting and decrypting before it even gets to the operating system, so there's not going to be any degrading in performanceAnd I would highly recommend that because it is extremely secure with really no downsideBut it will cost you a little bit or now one more thing you're going to want to consider kind ofIndirectly related to the hardware is how upgradable this particularPC is that you're gonna buy now if you're gonna be building the PC obviously this doesn't really applyBut a lot of times.
I've seen typically lower end consumer pcs that have very very strangeinternal configurations thereI guess proprietary that make it very very difficult to even open up or figure out where everything is and you have toUnlatch weird things it just looks very strange, but if you have a PC that isOpen you know.
It's pretty standardEverything has good cable management, and it looks like if you wanted to replace a partYou could just pop it out put it back in that's a plus because perhaps youSee all the specs on hereAnd there's maybe one thing that you don't like likethere's not enough RAM or maybe the graphics card is a little bit out of date, and it would just be cheaper toBuy a new graphics card, then it would be to buy another pre-builtThat's more expensive with the better oneAll those things would be a lot better if you just want to upgrade it and this would also be helpful if maybe you doGo with a computer that is maybe last year's model, but it's still really good and againThere's just a couple things that you could upgrade and it'd be cheaper than buying the latest and greatest right off the batThis is especially so for laptops which obviously a laptopYou can't really expect to be that upgradableBut I would at least hope that allows you to swap out the RAM and the hard driveThose are two things that the laptop should let you replace and even maybe add to it check if there'sextra space for an empty slot of RAM so maybe it has enoughbut later on you want to add more you can add more without having to buy a whole new set of RAM and having toGet rid of the current one yet another thing you need to look out for is having to do the CPUBut not the CPU and the computer, but rather what CPUs are coming out soon.
This is somethingyou will have to do a little bit of research on and hopefully you're doing research anyway if you're going to buy a computer, butDefinitely be aware of Intel and AMD s upgrade cycleso you might see that theComputer you have your eye on or even if you're building the CPU you have your eye onYou'll see that it might be a particular generation and it might be the latest, but if you look at press releasesAnd you look at some rumors and other things thatMight suggest that Intel is going to be coming out with I don't know they might be announcing a newprocessor line the next month or the next two months andObviously you're never going to be able to keep up because they do release it a couple times a year some sort of upgradedProcessors, so don't worry about if you don't have the absolute latestBut also keep in mind that if they do release a new processorThen it might make the previous ones cheaper, so you mightWant to just wait until they drop the new processor if it's gonna be pretty soonAnd then pick up older ones cheaper or get that new one right off the back and of course that same thing is gonna gowith particular GPUs graphics cardsI don't think there's really release schedules for RAM as muchBut definitely for CPUs and GPUs of course one thing you can't forget about is the warrantyYes, you hopeIt's not gonna break and a lot of people kind of ignore the warranty just because they assume that if they buy something it's gonnaWork, but it is something to look at another thing you want to look for kind of related to this isSpecifically if you're going to be buying a copy of Windows like if you're gonna be building a PCyou'll want to decide whether you want to get an OEM or aregular copy of Windows and the difference is OAM copies of Windows are going to be cheaper andthe OEM stands for original equipmentmanufacturer and those are basically the kinds that are installed by like Lenovo orSamsung or whateverManufacturers are making the PC and that means that they're going to be responsible for the support of the computerSo if you're not buying from one of those manufacturers, but you're buying an OEM diskYes, it's going to be cheaperbut that kind of means you're on your own andMicrosoft is not going to be obligated to really support you because you bought an OEM copyIt's cheaper for a reason whereas if you buy the full priced?Regular version of Windows then that means they're a little bit more obligated you might get better support for itSo that's just something to keep in mind.
I'm not sure how much ofTrue that is these days, but I'm sure there is a difference because there are still om versions out thereSo I think that should cover everythingWe went over very basic stuff and a little bit more advanced stuff for people building it, but hopefullyEveryone got a little bit more informationthat should be helpful the next time you're going to get a new PC and upgrade if you guys enjoyed this video be sure toLet me know down in the comments section if you want to keep watching.
I'll put some other videos right hereYou can just click on those and if you want to subscribe and make new videos every Tuesday Thursday Saturday and also consider enablingNotifications by clicking the bell or else YouTube might not even show you new videos that I make because the algorithm is not that greatAgain, I'm looking forward to hearing from you guys, so thanks so much for watching.
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